Article 12 web tool

Log in

Population status and trends at the EU and Member State levels

The Article 12 web tool provides an access to EU assessments and Member States’ data compiled as part of the Habitats Directive - Article 12 reporting process. The EU assessments have been carried out in EU 27 for the period 2008-2012 and in EU28 for the period 2013-2018.

Choose period, species and if relevant sub-specific unit.

Once a selection has been made the breeding distribution of the species can be visualized in a map.

The ‘Data sheet info’ includes notes for each assessment per species.

The ‘Audit trail’ includes the methods used for the EU assessment and justifications for decisions made by the assessors.

Download factsheet
Legend
+
Increasing
0
Stable
x
Unknown
-
Decreasing
F
Fluctuating
U
Uncertain

Please note that additional information on mouse over values and trends stands for the quality of the underlying data as reported by Member States.

Current selection: 2008-2012, Cygnus olor. Show all
Data from Member States reports
MS Breeding Population Breeding Range Winter Population Areas from gridded maps (km2)
Population Trend Surface Trend Population Trend
Size&Unit % MS Period ST Trend Period LT Trend Area % MS Period ST Trend Period LT Trend Size&Unit % MS Period ST Trend Period LT Trend Distrib. % MS Range % MS
AT
350 - 500 p
0.5 2001-2012 0 1980-2012 x
54170
3.1 2001-2012 0 1980-2012 0
18700 1.8 60200 3.3
BE
440 - 580 p
0.6 2000-2012 0 1980-2012 + (159 - 241) #
21776
# 1.3 2000-2012 + (11 - 11) 1980-2012 + (180 - 180)
1097 - 1225 i
0.6 2001-2012 x 1980-2012 + (3 - 3) # 19400 1.9 22700 1.2
BG
20 - 50 p
2000-2012 + (2 - 20) 1980-2012 + (10 - 30)
6600
0.4 2000-2012 0 1980-2012 + (5 - 20) #
220 - 3600 i
0.9 2000-2012 F 1980-2012 F 2700 0.3 6400 0.3
CZ
DE
11500 - 16000 p
17.3 1998-2009 + (11 - 40) 1985-2009 + (31 - 400)
306400
17.8 1998-2009 0 1985-2009 0 #
70000 - 70000 i
# 37.0 1997-2009 F 1984-2009 + (45 - 83) # 234000 22.6 322200 17.6
DK
3600 - 3600 p
# 4.6 1999-2011 - (20 - 33) 1980-2011 0 #
42657
2.5 1999-2011 0 1980-2011 0 #
54400 - 54400 i
# 28.8 2000-2011 0 1980-2011 0 # 40500 3.9 60600 3.3
EE
3500 - 4000 p
4.8 2001-2012 + (20 - 50) 1980-2012 + (50 - 70)
30200
1.8 2001-2012 0 1980-2012 + (136 - 136)
5000 - 15000 i
5.0 2001-2012 + (20 - 50) 1980-2012 + (50 - 70) 26200 2.5 29900 1.6
FI
11200 - 16900 p
# 17.6 2001-2012 0 1980-2012 + (136 - 252)
76200
4.4 2001-2012 x 1980-2010 + (69 - 69)
44400 4.3 76200 4.2
FR
3000 - 6000 p
5.5 2000-2012 + (300 - 350) 1980-2012 + (500 - 1100)
356200
20.7 2000-2012 + 1985-2013 + (80 - 80)
17630 - 17630 i
9.3 2000-2012 + (115 - 140) 1980-2012 + (2200 - 2230) 141900 13.7 353700 19.3
GR
HU
300 - 450 p
0.4 2000-2012 + (10 - 30) 1990-2012 + (4500 - 6000)
18687
# 1.1 2000-2012 + (0 - 10) 1980-2012 + (90 - 95)
19600 1.9 19500 1.1
IE
3560 - 3560 p
# 4.6 1999-2011 0 1987-2011 0 #
71400
# 4.1 1991-2011 + (9 - 9) 1972-2011 - (5 - 5) #
7120 - 7120 i
# 3.8 1999-2011 0 1987-2011 0 # 46700 4.5 70900 3.9
IT
300 - 500 p
0.4 2000-2011 + (200 - 210) 1980-2013 + (1150 - 1400)
42500
2.5 2002-2013 + (367 - 367) 1983-2013 + (560 - 560)
23300 2.2 42500 2.3
LT
1000 - 1200 p
1.4 2001-2012 - ( - 20) 1980-2012 + (290 - 330)
69900
4.1 2001-2012 0 1980-2012 0
55100 5.3 68600 3.7
LU
40 - 50 p
# 0.1 2000-2012 0 1980-2012 + (4000 - 6000)
1626
# 0.1 2000-2012 0 1980-2012 + (2000 - 2500) #
1200 0.1 1900 0.1
LV
500 - 600 p
0.7 2001-2012 0 1980-2009 + (38 - 38)
61686
3.6 2001-2012 0 1980-2004 + (100 - 100)
100 - 7600 i
1.8 2001-2012 0 1984-2012 + ( - 200) 35700 3.4 66100 3.6
NL
6146 - 8345 p
9.1 2002-2011 0 1984-2011 + (69 - 194)
40447
2.3 1998-2012 0 1977-2012 0
33300 3.2 40000 2.2
PL
6000 - 7500 p
8.6 2001-2012 0 1980-2012 + (60 - 100)
x x
10000 - 20000 i
7.6 2000-2012 0 1985-2012 0
RO
3000 - 5000 p
5.0 2000-2013 + ( - 19) 1980-2012 + ( - 19)
109300
6.3 2000-2012 + (5 - 5) 1980-2012 x
5000 - 16000 i
# 5.2 2000-2013 0 1980-2012 x 3500 0.3 108300 5.9
SE
6100 - 9100 p
# 9.5 2001-2012 0 1980-2012 + (10 - 50) #
197500
11.5 2001-2012 0 1980-2012 x
87000 8.4 197100 10.8
SI
80 - 100 p
0.1 2001-2012 + (10 - 30) 1980-2012 x
4301
0.2 2001-2012 x 1980-2012 + (200 - 400)
3900 0.4 4500 0.2
SK
400 - 800 p
0.8 2000-2012 + (10 - 20) 1980-2012 + (20 - 50)
24298
1.4 2000-2012 0 1980-2012 + (30 - 50)
14600 1.4 30000 1.6
UK
5800 - 7000 p
8.1 1998-2010 + (6.10 - 6.10) 1980-2010 + (172.32 - 172.32) #
186100
10.8 1989-2009 + (12 - 12) 1970-2009 + (8 - 8)
184500 17.8 251100 13.7
EU population status assessments
Breeding Population Breeding Range Winter Population Bird Status Contribution
to target 1
Season Subspecies /
subspecific units
Size & Unit ST Trend LT Trend Area ST Trend LT Trend Size & Unit ST Trend LT Trend Trends Status
EU27 67700 - 92900 p + + 1720000 171000 - 217000 i + + Secure A B

The hash sign (#) under Subspecies/subspecific units-Trends or Status means that the EU population trends or EU status were not assessed at the same level as the current selection (species and subspecific unit).

In italics, additional assessment at the subspecies or population level (available only for subspecies listed in the Annexes of the Birds Directive).