Article 12 web tool

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Population status and trends at the EU and Member State levels

The Article 12 web tool provides an access to EU assessments and Member States’ data compiled as part of the Habitats Directive - Article 12 reporting process. The EU assessments have been carried out in EU 27 for the period 2008-2012 and in EU28 for the period 2013-2018.

Choose period, species and if relevant sub-specific unit.

Once a selection has been made the breeding distribution of the species can be visualized in a map.

The ‘Data sheet info’ includes notes for each assessment per species.

The ‘Audit trail’ includes the methods used for the EU assessment and justifications for decisions made by the assessors.

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Legend
+
Increasing
0
Stable
x
Unknown
-
Decreasing
F
Fluctuating
U
Uncertain

Please note that additional information on mouse over values and trends stands for the quality of the underlying data as reported by Member States.

Current selection: 2008-2012, Hirundo rustica. Show all
Data from Member States reports
MS Breeding Population Breeding Range Winter Population Areas from gridded maps (km2)
Population Trend Surface Trend Population Trend
Size&Unit % MS Period ST Trend Period LT Trend Area % MS Period ST Trend Period LT Trend Size&Unit % MS Period ST Trend Period LT Trend Distrib. % MS Range % MS
AT
60000 - 90000 p
0.3 2000-2011 0 1980-2012 x
94048
2.4 2001-2012 0 1980-2012 0
77200 2.4 88800 2.2
BE
80000 - 140000 p
0.4 2000-2012 0 1980-2012 0 #
29809
# 0.8 2000-2012 0 1980-2012 0 #
29700 0.9 31000 0.8
BG
300000 - 800000 p
2.0 2001-2012 - (2 - 39) 1980-2012 0
121000
3.1 2001-2012 0 1980-2012 0
114800 3.5 118200 3.0
CY
75000 - 175000 p
# 0.4 2001-2013 - (25 - 40) 1980-2012 x
8500
# 0.2 2001-2013 0 1980-2012 0
7600 0.2 8500 0.2
CZ
DE
455000 - 870000 p
2.4 1998-2009 - (5 - 17) 1990-2009 - (9 - 57) #
357267
9.0 1998-2009 0 1985-2009 0 #
359900 11.0 378600 9.5
DK
230000 - 230000 p
# 0.9 1999-2011 0 1980-2011 0 #
42407
1.1 1999-2011 0 1980-2011 0 #
25700 0.8 59800 1.5
EE
100000 - 200000 p
0.6 2001-2012 - (20 - 50) 1980-2012 - (20 - 50)
55100
1.4 2001-2012 0 1980-2012 0
52100 1.6 53400 1.3
ES
12825000 - 16635000 p
# 55.8 1998-2011 - (40.98 - 40.98) 1980-2011 - #
528257
13.3 1998-2011 - 1980-2011 - #
509100 15.6 518300 13.0
ESIC
2 - 3 p
# 2001-2012 F 1980-2012 + #
25
2000-2012 + 1980-2012 +
100 100
FI
100000 - 160000 p
0.5 2001-2012 - (29 - 50) 1983-2012 - (26 - 46) #
351200
8.9 2001-2012 x 1980-2010 + (5 - 5)
299600 9.2 350500 8.8
FR
900000 - 1700000 p
4.8 2001-2011 x 1989-2011 - (34 - 34) #
569600
14.4 2001-2012 0 1985-2013 0
508100 15.6 569800 14.2
GR
HU
89000 - 102000 p
# 0.4 1999-2011 - (57 - 57) 1990-2012 - (50 - 60) #
93011
# 2.3 2000-2012 - (10 - 20) 1980-2012 - (10 - 20)
97900 3.0 96000 2.4
IE
4076190 - 5932420 i
# 9.4 1998-2011 0 1972-2011 x #
87100
# 2.2 1991-2011 0 1972-2011 0 #
84700 2.6 86000 2.1
IT
500000 - 1000000 p
2.8 2000-2012 0 1980-2012 - #
341100
8.6 2002-2013 + (9 - 9) 1983-2013 + (7 - 7)
318200 9.7 338100 8.5
LT
150000 - 250000 p
0.8 2001-2012 - (5 - 10) 1980-2012 - (10 - 20)
72700
1.8 2001-2012 0 1980-2012 0
69800 2.1 70300 1.8
LU
6000 - 8000 p
2000-2012 - (10 - 30) 1980-2012 - (30 - 50)
2593
# 0.1 2000-2012 0 1980-2012 0
2700 0.1 2600 0.1
LV
177390 - 334513 p
1.0 2001-2012 + (20 - 90) 1995-2012 + (99 - 491)
64575
1.6 2001-2012 0 1980-2012 0
68200 2.1 72000 1.8
MT
2 - 6 p
# 2004-2012 + (100 - 500) 2004-2012 + (100 - 500)
16
# 2004-2012 + (1500 - 1500) 2004-2012 + (1500 - 1500)
700 700
NL
232000 - 276000 p
1.0 2002-2011 + (10 - 60) 1984-2011 0
41786
1.1 1998-2012 0 1977-2012 0
38800 1.2 40900 1.0
PL
1600000 - 2200000 p
# 7.2 2000-2012 - (4 - 10) x #
x x
PT
100000 - 500000 p
1.0 2004-2011 + (16 - 42) 1980-2012 x
98900
2.5 2001-2012 0 1980-2012 0
90800 2.8 93800 2.3
RO
500000 - 1000000 p
2.8 2001-2013 - (5 - 31) 1980-2012 x
248800
6.3 2001-2013 x 1980-2012 x
12100 0.4 242100 6.1
SE
111000 - 256000 p
# 0.6 2001-2012 + (2 - 24) 1980-2012 + (13 - 55) #
393000
9.9 2001-2012 0 1980-2012 x
144000 4.4 391900 9.8
SI
180000 - 290000 p
0.8 2001-2012 + (10 - 20) 1980-2012 x
19487
0.5 2001-2012 0 1980-2012 0
20500 0.6 21500 0.5
SK
200000 - 400000 p
1.1 2000-2012 - (5 - 15) 1980-2012 - (10 - 25)
56695
1.4 2000-2012 0 1980-2012 0
53100 1.6 56500 1.4
UK
860000 - 860000 p
# 3.3 1998-2010 + (21.20 - 21.20) 1980-2010 + (16.63 - 16.63) #
283000
7.1 1989-2009 0 1970-2009 0
281300 8.6 310700 7.8
EU population status assessments
Breeding Population Breeding Range Winter Population Bird Status Contribution
to target 1
Season Subspecies /
subspecific units
Size & Unit ST Trend LT Trend Area ST Trend LT Trend Size & Unit ST Trend LT Trend Trends Status
EU27 22400000 - 33500000 p - - 3950000 Declining C B

The hash sign (#) under Subspecies/subspecific units-Trends or Status means that the EU population trends or EU status were not assessed at the same level as the current selection (species and subspecific unit).

In italics, additional assessment at the subspecies or population level (available only for subspecies listed in the Annexes of the Birds Directive).